ETFs are well known to offer the easiest way to invest. The costs are low, they offer immediate diversification, and they don’t require too much research. If your brain is already occupied with too many things and you don’t want to be bothered with additional decisions, this is the obvious way to get started.
The stock market of Thailand has not missed that trend, and there are several ETFs available for local investors. However, compared with brokers that I use in Europe, the selection is pretty limited.
At the time of writing this article, there are exactly 11 ETFs registered with the SET. 8 of them are focused on different types of assets, companies and industries within the SET, 1 is for bonds, and then we have 1 for Gold as a commodity and only 1 that traces one foreign market: China.
Personally I like ETFs and recommend them as an easy long-term-investment-solution. I have set up a small stock account for my daughter, mainly to have some kind of starter fund for her when she moves out into the world, and this account consists of 4 ETFs:
1 x ETF that focuses on high-dividend stocks on the SET
1 x ETF for the overall Thai market
1 x ETF focusing on small and medium companies in Thailand
1 x ETF focusing on China
This ETF account is performing better than the stock account that I set up for my wife. Well, as we know, it’s hard to beat the market. Her stock account is however focusing on creating a monthly dividend income stream. This target can’t be achieved with only ETFs in Thailand.
Some trends are in plain eyesight and yet often disregarded by investors. This is especially true for digital infrastructure. While we often assume that things like 3G, 4G, 5G, wi-fi, broadband access, etc. are already everywhere, we are only scratching the surface of what this industry is about to grow into. From industry 4.0 to smart cities. This is a market that should not be missed in any investors portfolio. And one such a stock in Thailand to add is DIF.
DIF is the shortcut for Digital Infrastructure Fund, and the company does pretty much what the name says. Putting money into relevant infrastructure projects. Or as they describe it on their website HERE:
Digital Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund (DIF) (Previous Name: TRUE Telecommunications Growth Infrastructure Fund (TRUEIF)) is Thailand’s first telecommunication infrastructure fund offering opportunity for everyone to invest in telecommunication infrastructure which experiences constant growth and therefore allows investors to enjoy recurring incomes while simultaneously helps developing the sharing of telecommunication infrastructure.
The Fund has been established with a view to raise funds from investors via both domestic and international offerings. The funds raised from the offerings will be used to invest primarily in infrastructure businesses, particularly in telecommunications infrastructure assets that cover the entire country such as telecommunication tower, fiber optic cable, transmission equipment, broadband system and/or incomes generated from the businesses.
Units of the Fund has been listed and traded in the SET since December 27, 2013.
This gives you a broad overview, but to go a little more into detail and which areas specifically are concerned, the fund is getting involved in the following sectors:
Railway or Pipeline Transportation
Road, Expressway, or Concession Way
Airport or Airfield
Deep Sea Port
Telecommunications or Telecommunication-Related Infrastructure and Communications
Water Management/ Irrigation
Natural-disaster prevention system including the alert and management systems to mitigate the intensity of such natural disaster
As we know, most of these areas in Thailand are under strict control and funding by the government, so the income is pretty reliable and the investment yield is high. At the time of writing these lines, the dividend yield is 8.35%.
Another cherry on top: This is one of the few stocks in Thailand that is paying a quarterlydividend. Every March, June, September and December this reliable dividend is being transferred to your account, and as we experienced over the last 2 years, it’s COVID-resistant.
A solid pick for passive income and hopefully another piece of the puzzle to reach financial independence.
We live in a time where information is abundant. The internet has become this fantastic tool, that gives us the opportunity to connect and access information all around the globe. We can read blogs (like this one), and we can gain access to newspaper articles and magazines. We can connect to professional writers and to amateurs. To complete strangers writing on some Reddit boards, or to follow the thoughts of such successful personalities like Warren Buffett.
The amount of information on the net is amazing. But it also creates a lot of noise. We can’t trust everything we read. It’s often hard to differentiate a fact from an opinion. Numbers can be skewed and often require to be verified. And we never truly know the agenda of anyone who puts things out there for others to read. Finding reliable sources is more challenging than ever.
Finding the right information
I spent a lot of time looking for informative sites, that can feed me investment ideas, offer some basic stock analysis, and that have enough followers to know that they actually have an impact when they write something. And (actually not surprisingly) I ended up with a slim selection of mostly professional analysts and journalists.
All this talk about mainstream media and fake news is just that. Talk. But fact is that people who actually work in and for the business still remain the most credible sources out there. Because they learned that stuff. They know how to gather information. They know how to ask questions. They know when something doesn’t “smell” right, and they have the means to dig deeper. They are being paid to do that.
The WIRECARD scandal in Germany would have been on a much smaller scale, if people were trusting more The Financial Times than some blogs and forums which were hyping the stock. Reading the Financial Times is also seriously more educating in the field of finance, even though I don’t like their political stance. The New York Times can give us more accurate ideas about what’s happening in the world than any Facebook forum. And a forum for professional investors like Seeking Alpha can give us much more valuable information than Reddit. I also like to regularly take a look at the finance section of Yahoo! (https://finance.yahoo.com) which is incredibly informative and the last piece of Yahoo! that still has some value to me and to many professional investors.
Verifying is key
But no matter where you do your due diligence, I still recommend to go a step further and to trying to verify the information you read. Are the numbers of the company that you want to invest in really matching up? Go to their investor relations website and download their annual report. Is the new technology they are touting really so revolutionary? Google it and read about it from some sceptic voices. It’s good to know alternatives and other perspectives, and these might actually lead you to other, better ideas.
It is well documented, that purchasing a house or a condo is a major contribution to building wealth. It’s a large and serious investment that requires commitment over a long period of time (typically anywhere between 10-30 years), and one which offers several benefits, financially and personally. For most people this is also what they would consider a “safe” investment which they feel comfortable with.
Phrases like “real estate never looses value”, or “when all things go down, I will still have my property” are pretty common, especially when it comes to discussions about whether you should invest in real estate, or in stocks.
It’s more complicated than that
I have diversified my investments across several segments, including real estate. However I have not purchased a house or condo. I have bought land. 1,2 ha of agricultural land, and another 0,54 ha of land that is destined for future housing. The agricultural land is currently being leased out to a neighbor of my parents, with a very simple arrangement that doesn’t really provide me any money, but instead supports my parents with agricultural goods for daily use (think of potatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, onions, etc.), and it covers any involved taxes for that land. The other 0,54 ha I bought 6 years ago on an auction. It’s a piece of land right across the land of my parents, and I bought it with the idea of building a vacation home out there.
After a couple of years I realized that this vacation home will never happen, so I decided to evaluate the market and to see if I can sell that land. Lucky enough, prices have increased greatly and I expect to come out of this investment with a good deal.
What largely contributed to the price increase is the great location of the village, the diversified and international folks there (we got people from Poland, Germany, Switzerland, France, and Italy) and the fact that people who live there care about their properties and their houses, contributing to a good look and comfortable atmosphere of the entire village. The next small town is only 5 km away, the next larger city only 30 km, and if you want to go international: It’s only some 120 km to Berlin in Germany. Great for a weekend trip.
All this contributes greatly to the location, but there are tons of other examples where things can go very wrong. Mismanagement of land, houses and condos can significantly contribute to a depreciation in value. Having the “wrong” neighbors can diminish the reputation of the location and drive prices down, rather than up. And building “on-the-cheap” can create early deterioration of look and shape of a house or condo, requiring additional investments not only from yourself, but also from all those around you in order for a location to gain value.
When things go wrong, real estate can turn out to be not the dream package that your parents were always talking about. There are several and significant risks involved, which are largely out of your control. Putting money into a piece of land, a house, or a condo, is surely not risk-free and real estate doesn’t always gain in value.
Do your research
Similarly with stocks, you need to do some research before you put money into this sector. Check and evaluate the location, visit the place, say hello to some neighbors. If it’s a country-side village, take a look at the condition of other houses nearby, the roads, bridges, public transport, water supply and electricity. Where is the next restaurant? How are small businesses doing there? Is it a family or a single place? Is there a school? A church? Wha’ts the median age of the population, and where is the next doctor or hospital?
Tick off some of these boxes, do the due diligence, and see your odds of putting your money into the right place increasing dramatically. Of course there is still no guarantee, but there never is. After all, it’s all not about guaranteeing anything, but only about increasing the odds to do the right thing.
Oh, and don’t get into the discussion whether stocks or real estate is better. It’s pointless. If you can, just do both.
It’s already May. In just another month we will have already finished the first half of 2021. I am kind of happy that time is moving so fast now, because this whole COVID situation just doesn’t seem to end.
But COVID or not, the world doesn’t stop turning and one of the most exciting investment frontiers is gaining more traction. As I wrote last year about investing in space, today I’d like to share the updated infographic from one of the most devoted space investment specialists: Seraphim.
Not all of these companies are publicly listed. Some are even still simple startups. But this smart overview can give you more ideas how vastly diversified this sector already is, and what opportunities lie ahead of investors who are willing now to take the first steps.
By the way, for those who don’t want to research too much but are eager to invest in space, there is an ETF available on the US market. It’s called Procure Space ETF and the trading shortcut is pretty spot on: UFO. Another option is the ARK Space Exploration & Innovation ETF (Shortcut: ARKX).
April is coming to an end, which means that a third of the year has already passed. In as little as two more months we will be through the first half of the year. What started out more on the optimistic side is now back to where we were almost a year ago. At least here in Thailand.
But you wouldn’t know that if you would pay attention only to the stock market. Most company shares have recovered, and even grown beyond their pre-pandemic levels.
The explanation for this is multi-faceted, but given what I can see from my own company and competitors, it’s a mixture of pre-mature optimism, and the now all-too popular FOMO. Fear Of Missing Out.
Most investors I know are optimists. Most tend to be a little greedy. And, unfortunately, many are trying to time the market. When the crisis started and markets fell by 30% or more, many saw a great buying opportunity. Myself included. The expectation was that a pandemic can’t last that long. Many of us didn’t actually believe it to be real. Or at least not ‘that’ bad.
Plenty of us tried to estimate the lowest possible market point, and then started to get back on the train. The more people started buying, the quicker shares started to stabilize, until demand overtook supply, and prices started to rise. Then FOMO kicked in. People noted the turning trend, and scared of missing out joined in the purchase frenzy. This is how we got here.
So far, this optimism has served us well, but the long-term success will depend on how things play out in the next 2-3 months. The US, Europe, and leading economies of Asia need to show that they can control the situation without sacrificing their economies. Otherwise optimism might turn into disappointment, and drag the market down once again.
What’s the plan?
For the young investor who is not in any financial distress, the simple strategy is to just hold your ground. It’s impossible to predict what and how it will happen, but for the long-term focused investor it doesn’t really matter that much. Stay your ground. When shares go up, enjoy. When they go down again, look out for the next buying opportunity.
For those who might have cash issues, this may be the time to trim some positions for shares which reached their all-time highs. Put some cash aside, re-fill your emergency fund, and be patient. You will sleep better at night.
I often get questions from friends and colleagues about investments in cryptocurrencies, mainly BitCoin. Given the daily amount of news and reports about the BitCoin craze, it’s understandable. It’s almost impossible to not hear about BitCoin these days.
To give it right away: I am not invested in BitCoin, or any other cryptocurrency for that matter. I also don’t speculate with any other currencies on the FOREX market.
The blockchain technology is a very interesting development that will find, and in some instances already found its way in some form into business and into our society. BitCoin is only one of the first products to put that technology to use. But very few people who invest in BitCoin actually really understand what it’s about. Most investors today are simply following the upward trend, and speculate that it will continue to grow for some more time to come.
Looking at the chart, it’s hard to deny that investing in BitCoin so far has been a great way to multiply your money. The big question for investors is of course whether this trend will continue, or not.
Investing in BitCoin is easy. Now.
One reason why BitCoin has moved up significantly in just such a short amount of time is the recently developed ease of access to it. It’s easy to look at the chart and to say: Why didn’t I invest in BitCoin much earlier? Well, it’s really simple. Investing in BitCoin was previously not an easy thing to do.
I was looking into investing in BitCoin some 5 years ago. My journey to invest in BitCoin started like this:
First I needed to find a trustworthy digital wallet. Then I needed to transfer money to that digital wallet. In the final step, I needed to purchase BitCoin through that digital wallet.
The challenges that came with it were however pretty significant: I needed to make sure to safely store (and not to loose) the wallet number, which was a complicated compilation of numbers, letters, and individual characters. That digital wallet number was not retrievable in case of loss.
I also needed to make sure to have a bullet-proof password to it, AND that I don’t forget or loose that password either, because it would also be not retrievable in case of loss.
I needed to somehow try to verify that the digital wallet I decided to use was actually a trustworthy, real offering. That was pretty hard, because there were a lot of scam companies out there and no serious verification system that one could have relied upon.
So there was a real risk to BitCoin before the actual buying process, and even beyond after the purchase, due to the limitations on the quality and trust into the digital wallet. I remember that I did open an account with a digital wallet provider, but the amount of disinformation and misleading data on the internet, the lack of reviews and guarantees, it just made it really hard to believe that my money would be in any way protected if I transfer it to any of the accounts out there. This reason alone was the main reason for me to not invest in BitCoin at that time.
This hurdles have been overcome by now. Access and purchasing have been simplified, there is more trust in the process. But that was not the case 5 years ago.
We can’t really do any analysis on the fundamentals, because there are none. It’s not a company, there is no product or management team behind it. It’s simply a scarce resource that is currently of interest.
Similar with other currencies, its value hinges on people believing in it. And to be fair, there are plenty of people believing in BitCoin. Right now. The easier access allowed more people to get invested. The media is pushing it. And many even prominent skeptics have changed their opinion in recent years, as cryptocurrencies gained more and more drive and appeal among investors.
An argument that I heard very often is that all the millionaires and billionaires in the world are invested in BitCoin, so it must be a reasonable place to park your cash.
To the “rich people” argument, let me say that most of those millionaires and billionaires didn’t get rich with BitCoin. Most of them got rich with their own companies, or with stock investments. They invested in BitCoin after they were already rich, and had therefore much less worries whether their investment would go well or not. They were willing to accept a high risk factor, because they didn’t care that much to loose a couple of thousand Dollars or Euros. Most small investors cannot afford such a high risk-reward ratio.
The risks of an investment in crypto-currencies are still very real. Here just a few arguments to make:
The value of the currency depends on people believing in it. This believe might be weakened or even disappear when another, better and/or smarter cryptocurrency enters the market.
The most rigorous believers in BitCoin assume that it will at some point become a viable world-currency, free of government regulation and in tight control due to its scarcity. There is however valid reason to believe that most governments will regulate BitCoin at some point and introduce their own versions of digital currencies. No government in the world can afford to loose the power to monitor and control their cash flow and supply.
BitCoin prides itself in its anonymity, but the blockchain ledger is in fact an open-source controlled system, and not anonymous at all. Admittedly, it would require a significant amount of time to track BitCoin owners through the ledger, but it’s certainly possible, and with our ever-expanding computing power, it’s just a matter of time for systems to be developed that will be able to track owners throughout the chain.
The ever-rising price is not positively contributing for BitCoin to become a real alternative payment method. Why would anyone use BitCoin to buy any product, if the value of the BitCoin keeps increasing day by day?
BitCoin is an electronic system, and those can be cracked or infiltrated. We might need to get into quantum computing to get the computing power necessary to pull this off, but we are almost there. Slipping in a virus or a bug into the system could crack its security, expose owners, or allow BitCoin to get stolen. Of course, every bug or virus can also be corrected or eliminated, but a major event similar with a “bank robbery” could quickly undermine the trust in the entire BitCoin system and put pressure on it.
There is a great list of arguments and counter-arguments to be found here: https://safehodl.github.io/failure/ I would encourage everyone interested in BitCoin to go through the comments and to form your own opinion on whether you believe in the upside or downside of it.
Should you invest in BitCoin?
If you follow the link above you will find plenty of smart arguments from both side of the aisle, that can help you making an informed decision.
Personally I don’t intend to invest in BitCoin because it doesn’t fit into my investing strategy. I buy great companies at a fair price, and enjoy benefitting from real-life products and real-life profits in the form of dividends that I receive. BitCoin doesn’t produce anything and doesn’t offer any service that I would consider useful (for now) to see it as a viable investment. This may change over time of course, but for now this is where I stand.
What I would however explore instead (and I will) is to dive deeper into the blockchain technology, and to invest in an ETF that would focus on companies that utilize blockchain for their products and services. This is because I am not as much interested in BitCoin, as I am interested in the technology behind it.
The blockchain technology has certainly more aspects to it, and in the long-run investing in companies that can utilize this technology will offer a better risk-reward ratio, than a hyped digital-currency.
Green investments are gaining traction, and while not as exciting as some online start-ups, there are lots of opportunities in this growing market. Also in Thailand. One crucial company for Thailands future success on the environmental front is BGC.BK. What does the company do? Let’s take a look at an excerpt from the “About us” part of their website:
“BGC or BG Container Glass Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Bangkok Glass Public Company Limited, operates in glass packaging business. The plant was established in 1974 and started its production in 1980 in Pathumthani with the production capacity of 150 tons per day. Currently, BGC has 5 glass packaging plants with the largest number of production capacity in Thailand.
From just one furnace, today, BGC has grown steadily. The company was incorporated into BG Container Glass Company Limited in the year 2016 and was registered as Public Company Limited in the year 2018 The company is built on a foundation of innovation, advanced production technology and effective performance that can be recognized internationally. Moreover, the products meet the standards and cover all needs of diverse customers.
With a commitment to innovation and new products, quality control and environmentally friendly for remaining the leader of Thailand integrated glass packaging market.“
So there you go. It’s all about glass.
Commitment to reduce plastic usage will drive future business growth
Living in Asia one can’t help to notice the ridiculous amounts of plastic that is being used here for almost everything. Plastic bags, bottles, jars, food containers. And beyond those items critical for daily consumption, it goes even further. It’s very common to see households with plastic furniture, dishes and cutlery, even decorations. As a European arriving first time in Thailand, I was honestly shocked. But change is coming, slowly but steady, and glass solutions will play a crucial role on that front.
BGC.BK is a key player in this market, providing standardized solutions for jars, bottles, bottle closures, and caps. They have a wide range of products adjusted to international standards, and with the government pushing slowly towards plastic reduction in the market, they are poised to grow further.
Reading this I admit that while I am trying hard to make this sound like an exciting opportunity, it’s really not. It’s a pretty boring business with lots of old-school elements to it. Factories, chain-supplies, standard distribution. All basic industry 101. But that doesn’t change the fact that it’s an already profitable company in a growing market, with almost no local competition, and an experienced team.
Solid dividend four times a year
Another key point for me to invest in BGC is the dividend policy. BGC has an annual dividend yield of above 4% and pays out 4 times a year. Last year the company paid a dividend in May, June, September and December. This year should be the same. Anyone interested in a passive-income strategy should therefore have this stock on a watchlist. Or in a stock account.
Disclosure: I am managing a portfolio that has purchased BGC.BK since 2020, and I am adding shares of BGC to this portfolio on a regular basis.
I somehow managed not to write an article for a whole month. No excuses, but I was busy. I got occupied with my wife’s smoothie business, I had to make a 1-week business trip to Krabi and Koh Samui, and my head office in Bangkok had plenty of requests for me to work on. My daughter required a little more attention, my dog had his final moments and sadly passed away after almost 18 years of companionship. March was a little overwhelming.
Most of the little free-time that I had left I spent at the gym. Turning 41 must have triggered a tiny midlife crisis in me, because recently I not only started visiting the gym more regularly. I even started applying face cream. Yes, I know. I might be late to the party but previously, I never actually considered doing that. Instead, I enjoyed getting to look older for the last 5 years or so. I don’t know, but all these small wrinkles, I always felt like they would add more character to the picture. This changed last month.
Anyway. That was some thoughtful introduction. Now back to finance.
With all my portfolios back in the greens, I call the market crash over. Done. Finished. History has once again proven reliable, and the stock market showed a pattern that experienced investors appreciate for many decades now. There is always a crash. And there is always a recovery. Once again those who trusted in the market and kept steady or even invested during the crash are now coming out stronger, and wealthier than before.
Don’t blame yourself if you missed out on the action. It might have been just the first round for you, but it surely won’t be the last. We don’t know when the next crash will come and it’s impossible to time the market. But history is teaching us over and over again, that there is no bad time to start investing. In the long-run markets tend to go up more frequently, and stronger if compared with the downturns. So when stocks do go down, it’s usually a good time to be looking out for great companies at fair or even at cheap prices. In the meantime, you can keep investing anyway.
The market was rising strongly for a few weeks now, and it’s very likely that it will continue to rise. Unless of course we get another pandemic, a war, or any other kind tragedy that would put the world in turmoil.
I am rather optimistic, by nature, mostly because the US has a reasonable person back at the top. President Biden is more predictable, communicates smarter, and pays attention to the world as a whole, in stark contrast to his predecessor. At the same time he is tackling massive investments in his countries future, which should push the entire world into a competitive streak of investments that will benefit a wide range of corporations globally. Investments create cashflows, revenues, salaries. These in return curb consumption, spending. That’s how the world works, and that’s why investors keep winning.
So if you are already invested: Enjoy the change of winds and watch your portfolio recovering or growing. If you are not invested yet, now is as good as ever. You might have missed the speedy recovery, but the opportunities are endless.
In the world of finance, we have many strategies, many different financial instruments, and thousands of advisors who will be telling you to have a unique way of making a fortune. Some of them might happen to be the right people. Some will present just the right tools. Other times, either the tools or the people handling those tools turn out to be wrong.
Especially when it comes to the people, some might be even known to be flawed in one way or another, presenting methods and strategies that turn out to be a pure gamble when it comes down to the test. Some are honest. Some are not.
Some investors have the opportunity to try out all these different ideas, tools, and strategies. Those with sufficient funds to play around and who are willing to take on all kinds of risk can experiment to find the tool and the strategy that will produce the best possible results for them. But most of us are not in this category. Those who earn a regular wage and have only the option to save and invest 10-20% of their income don’t have the resources to play around. For those I have a simple advice on how to become an investor. A successful one. It’s surprisingly simple, and it’s something that most investors know by heart, as they heard it over and over again from no one else but the worlds most famous value investor, Warren Buffett:
“It’s far better to buy a wonderful company at a fair price than a fair company at a wonderful price.”
While the context of this quote was referring to the topic of value investing, it includes a simple message: When you invest, you should focus on buying great companies at a fair price.
This simple formula established the foundation for Buffett’s success. There are of course no guarantees that this will make you a billionaire. It doesn’t guarantee that you will become another super-rich person. But by following this simple rule you will significantly improve your odds to do financially better.
So when I advise friends or colleagues on investing, I am not promising anyone that he or she will become rich. Instead, I am promising to increase their odds. By a large margin.
What are the odds
Increasing your financial well-being without investments puts you below the odds of a lottery ticket. That’s 1 in 13,983,816 (according to Google). Maybe you will find the perfect job, that will not burn you out, that you will love to wake-up for every single day, and that will pay you so well that you can comfortably retire without a single worry on the back of your mind. Maybe you will inherit some surprise fortune from your parents. Maybe you will happen to be at the right place, at the right time, to receive an opportunity of a life-time that will set you up financially for the rest of your life.
I got a suggestion. Let’s remove the word “maybe”, and replace it with a plan. Because the odds for “maybe” are not even 50:50. They are somewhere around the odds of that lottery ticket that I wrote about.
Now it’s hard to put a number on the odds of becoming rich through investments, but history and statistics put them significantly higher than the 50:50 figure. Every single investment you make stacks the odds a little bit more in your favor to have a better financial future, while at the same time it also reduces the risk of a financial failure. I recommend here a short read to put it a little better into perspective. It’s definitely better than what I could write here right now on a lazy Sunday afternoon 😉
Not all of your investments will be a success. In fact, the Pareto principle also applies to investments: 80 percent of your success will be attributed to only 20 percent of your investment. So if you invest in 10 stocks, only 2 of them will truly outperform (on average) and be responsible for 80% of your final result. Some will succeed, but on a smaller scale. Others might disappoint and underperform. But the point is that investors are actively contributing to setting up themselves for success. Because with every investments their odds increase.
So the message of this post is: When you invest, don’t do it for the promise of becoming rich. The true initial purpose is to increase your odds to improve your financial well-being. Whether it will make you rich, just financially stable or simply more comfortable, that’s another story.